What  is  Tuberculosis disease ?causes ,Symptoms ,prevention  and tratment

 

 

        What  is Tuberculosis   disease ?causes ,Symptoms ,prevention  and tratment

What is TB?
Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by germs  that are spread from person to person through
the air . TB usually affects the lungs, but it can also affect other parts of the body, such as the brain,
the kidneys, or the spine. A person with TB can die if they do not get treatment.

What are the Symptoms of TB?
The general symptoms of TB disease include feelings of sickness or weakness, weight loss,
fever, and night sweats.The symptoms of TB disease of the lungs also include coughing, chest
pain, and the coughing up of blood. Symptoms of TB disease in other parts of the body depend
on the area affected.

TB

TB

How is TB Spread?
TB germs are put into the air when a person withTB disease of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes,
speaks, or sings. These germs can stay in the air for several hours, depending on the environmentPersons who breathe in the air containing these TB germs can become infected; this is called. latent TB infection.

 What causes TB?
TB is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Although it can cause disease in any part of the body it normally enters the body though the lungs.This is called directly
observed therapy (DOT). DOT helps the patientcomplete treatment in the least amount of
time.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

 

How is TB Disease Treated?
TB disease can be treated by taking severaldrugs for 6 to 12 months. It is very importantthat people who have TB disease finish themedicine, and take the drugs exactly as prescribed. If they stop taking the drugs toosoon, they can become sick again; if they donot take the drugs correctly, the germs that ares till alive may become resistant to those drugs.TB that is resistant to drugs is harder and moreexpensive to treat. In some situations, staff of the local health department meet regularly
with patients who have TB to watch them take their medications.

Prevention of transmission of infection

Those with pulmonary tuberculosis are contagious up to about two to three weeks once their treatment is begun. Earlier these patients were isolated. These days isolation is not practiced but some precautions are important to prevent spread. These include:-

 

  • Isolation from workplaces, schools and college and areas with crowds.
  • Covering one’s mouth and nose while coughing or sneezing.
  • Adequate and careful disposal of tissues. Usually burning or disposal in sealed plastic bags is recommended.
  • Sharing beds and rooms with un-infected persons while sleeping should be avoided

 

 

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